Tell it Like it is!

  • Domestic oil shale can supply Israel with enough oil to meet its demand for decades
  • Oil shale development will liberate Israel from its dependence on foreign oil
  • Oil shale development will generate Billions of dollars in revenue for Israel from royalties and taxes
  • Oil shale development will create thousands of direct and indirect jobs
  • A domestic supply of fuel is a vitally important resource to protect the nation's strategic and financial security
  • Israel has a treasure with enormous security and financial implications – the Oil Shale resource
  • A fighter jet requires 40 barrels of oil for one flight
  • Shale oil generated by using less than one square km of surface area in the Shfela Basin can provide over one fifth of Israel's fuel consumption for more than twenty years
  • The in-situ conversion method coupled with horizontal drilling,can produce large amounts of fuels while having a small surface footprint.
  • The use of Israeli fuels produced from Shale can reduce Israel's existing "wells to wheels" green house gas emissions
  • The high salinity found in the oil shale rock layers and very low salinity in the aquifer shows that they are hydraulically disconnected
  • The aquifer is at a constant 40 Atmospheres of pressure – which proves that there are no fractures above it
  • The Oil Shale rock layer is isolated from the surface by a thick 200 meter layer of marl
  • Shale rock is a poor heat conduct, even after a long heating duration the heat dissipation is limited to 9 meters at most.
  • Oil Shale production also generates large amounts of fossil water, which will be used for agriculture
  • After the oil extraction is completed, the land will be reclaimed and returned to its pre-production state.
  • The subsurface oil shale production technology does not involve fracking (contrary to shale gas production)
  • Oil shale production uses low pressures, which are much lower than those required to frac the rocks.
  • The in-situ conversion process yields high quality fuels, leaving the "heavy" crude components solid in the rock.
  • The In-Situ method, can utilize the gases produced to generate the heat thereby minimizing the environmental footprint.
  • The In-Situ method does not affect the surface fauna and flora – unlike the ex-Situ method.
  • In 2008, the U.S. government granted six leases for oil shale pilot projects on federal lands
  • Ures to treat rcs all cas procedures were performed in the angiographic suite with biplane imaging, under the direction of an interventional neuroradiologist (a. E. ) experienced in cerebrovascular interventions. for sale cialis Before cas, patients were given platelet inhibitors (aspirin, 325 mg/d; clopidogrel, cardinal mg bolus, then 75 mg/d). Angioplasty procedures were performed with local anesthetic at the femoral or brachial (1 patient) puncture site, intravenous sedation, and monitored anesthetic techniques. Before selective catheterization, patients underwent systemic heparinization (activated clotting time >250 s). for sale cialis Self-expanding stents were preferentially used ( table i ), as was predilation of the rcs lesion with a 3 or 4 mm balloon. Balloon-expandable stents were used in select patients only for high lesions amenable to placement above the mandible, where stent protection was achieved. discount cialis Completion angiography with extracranial and intracranial imaging was performed in all patients in the cas group, and more recently color duplex scanning has been used to monitor adequacy of stent patency and deployment. Abciximab (reopro; eli lilly, indianapolis, ind), an antagonist of glycoprotein iib/iiia platelet receptors, was used selectively (3 patients) to treat suspected intrastent thrombus formation or in patients believed to be at increased risk for cas-related thromboemboli. delivery overnight cialis Table i. cheap generic cialis online Type and size of stents used in 52 carotid stent-assisted angioplasty procedures to treat recurrent carotid stenosis stent type no. Used size (mm) self-expanding  wallstent 27 8 × 20 to 10 × 42  precise ∗ 12 9 × 30 to 10 × 40  smart 6 10 × 30 to 10 × 40  acculink † 3 10 × 30 balloon-expandable 4 5 × 16 to 7 × 31 ∗ angioguard filter used during two procedures. † accunet distal protection device used during stent deployment procedure. generic cialis online cheap Full-size table table options view in workspace download as csv patients in the repeat cea group underwent open surgical repair performed by one of three board-certified vascular surgeons (d. F. buying generic cialis B. , m. R. B. , b. L. J. ) using general anesthesia, and either routine shunting or electroencephalographic monitoring during carotid occlusion. cheap quality cialis All patients received aspirin (325 mg/d) alone or in addition to clopidogrel (75 mg/d) before the procedure. Repair technique consisted of vein (n = 21) or prosthetic (n = 2) patch angioplasty (23 of 27 procedures [85%]), with endarterectomy of atherosclerotic plaques (n = 17) when present. Carotid resection with autogenous vein bypass grafting was performed in 3 patients, and 1 patient underwent primary closure of the ica after repeat cea. Completion intraoperative duplex scanning was performed in all patients in the repeat cea group, and no intraoperative revisions were required. After intervention, patients in the cas group were given clopidogrel bisulfate (plavix; 75 mg/d orally) for 30 days, and aspirin therapy has been continued indefinitely in all patients. Duplex ultrasound scanning surveillance after intervention for rcs, patients underwent serial color duplex ultrasound scanning in a laboratory accredited by the intersocietal commission for accreditation of vascular laboratories, beginning at 1 month after the procedure, then every 6 months. cialis overnight shipping Duplex ultrasound scanning criteria for recurrent stenosis with greater than 50% diameter reduction involving the repeat cea site or stented extracranial carotid artery segment were peak systolic velocity greater than cxxv cm/s and internal carotid artery–common carotid artery ratio greater than 2. over the counter cialis Duplex scanning criteria for greater than 75% stenosis were peak systolic velocity greater than 300 cm/s and end-diastolic velocity greater than 125 cm/s at the site of maximum stenosis, in conjunction with internal carotid artery–common carotid artery ratio greater than 4 and high-grade lumen reduction with poststenotic turbulence at color doppler scanning. for sale cialis If end-diastolic velocity was greater than cardinal cm/s, recurrent stenosis was classified as greater than 80% diameter reduction. Criteria for an occluded angioplasty site or surgical repair were a clearly visualized vessel without color doppler flow scanning and velocity spectra of antegrade flow. for sale cialis Duplex scanning surveillance was accomplished in all patients at 1 month, and thereafter in all surviving patients in the repeat cea group and 85% of patients in the cas group. All patients in the cas group underwent duplex surveillance scanning at least twice. for sale cialis Statistical analysis analysis of categorical variables between the two treatment groups was performed with ï†2 analysis, and continuous variables were compared with either a two-sided t test or the wilcoxon rank-sum test, as appropriate. The kaplan-meier method was used to estimate patient survival, and intervention-free and stenosis-free patency after cas or repeat cea. Life-table patency rates were compared with the log-rank test. P <. 05 was considered significant. Results patient demographic data patients selected for cas were older than patients who underwent repeat cea to treat rcs, but the incidence of atherosclerotic risk factors and other medical comorbid conditions were similar in the two treatment groups ( table ii ). Most patients treated for rcs had symptoms (cas, 60%; repeat ce. In 2010, the Obama administration awarded additional leases for oil shale pilot research and development projects.
  • Since 2009, Royal Dutch Shell has been developing a multi billion dollar oil shale project in Jordan utilizing in-situ conversion.
  • The Swedes have produced over half a million barrels of oil using the In-Situ method between 1940 and 1966 (when oil prices dropped)
  • In Canada, more than half a million barrels a day are produced from oil sands using an in-situ approach, in compliance with strict environmental standards
  • Canada has the world's second largest oil reserves,thanks to in-situ process breakthroughs.
  • All of IEI's operations have received the required approvals from the district planning committees under the Planning Law
  • IEI has committed to the Supreme Court that the pilot area will be reclaimed to its original use following the 3 years of the pilot research project
  • IEI's commercial project will be conducted according to the Planning Law, including an Environmental Impact Assessment study
  • The Water Authority has stated that IEI's pilot poses no threat to the Shfela Basin aquifer
  • IEI has conducted hundreds of meetings with government, NGOs, academy and the public. For additional information use our contact page.
Energy Independence
While Caring for our Environment
Israel is blessed with a vast oil shale resource. When this resource is developed, it will bring Israel to energy independence. It is estimated that in the Shfela Basin alone, there are 150 billion barrels of oil, 40 billion barrels are in IEI's licensed area.

Protecting the environment is central to the success of our project and has made environmental protection our top priority.

The In-Situ Conversion Process (ICP) enables us to extract the oil from the oil shale rock "in place" without any "mining". This production process, through heating, converts the organic matter in the rock to lighter hydrocarbons (light oil).

Israel Energy Initiatives - Movie English Version

Israel Energy

The videos are our responses to many of the fundamental questions that arise from time to time.The videos are up to 2 minutes in length, at this time and only in Hebrew.

The Need for Oil

Supreme Court rulings

Renewable Energy

The Pilot

What is Oil Shale?